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The armament of the Bf F was revised and now consisted of the two synchronized 7. The pilots' opinion on the new armament was mixed: Oberst Adolf Galland criticised the light armament as inadequate for the average pilot, while Major Walter Oesau preferred to fly a Bf E, and Oberst Werner Mölders saw the single centreline Motorkanone gun as an improvement.
With the early tail unit problems out of the way, pilots generally agreed that the F series was the best-handling of all the Bf series.
The DB E ran on standard 87 octane "B-4" aviation fuel, despite its increased performance; while the earlier DB N required octane "C-3" fuel.
Only 15 examples of the F-3 are believed to have been produced by Messerschmitt Regensburg between October and January Production lasted exactly a year between May and May , with 1, of all F-4 variants produced.
The Bf G-series was developed from the largely identical F-series airframe, although there were detail differences.
Modifications included a reinforced wing structure, an internal bullet-proof windscreen, the use of heavier, welded framing for the cockpit transparencies, and additional light-alloy armour for the fuel tank.
It was originally intended that the wheel wells would incorporate small doors to cover the outer portion of the wheels when retracted. To incorporate these the outer wheel bays were squared off.
Two small inlet scoops for additional cooling of the spark plugs were added on both sides of the forward engine cowlings.
A less obvious difference was the omission of the boundary layer bypass outlets, which had been a feature of the F-series, on the upper radiator flaps.
Field kits known as Rüstsätze were also available but those did not change the aircraft designation. Special high-altitude interceptors with GM-1 nitrous oxide injection high-altitude boost and pressurized cockpits were also produced.
The newly fitted Daimler-Benz DB A engine was a development of the DB E engine utilised by the preceding Bf F-4; displacement and compression ratio were increased as well as other detail improvements to ease large-scale mass production.
The DB suffered from reliability problems during the first year of operation, and this output was initially banned by VT-Anw.
The full output was not reinstated until 8 June when Daimler-Benz issued a technical directive. Pitch control, as on the F, was either electro-mechanical automatic or manual-electric using a thumb-switch on the throttle lever.
The early versions of the Bf G closely resembled the Bf F-4 and carried the same basic armament; however, as the basic airframe was modified to keep pace with different operational requirements, the basically clean design began to change.
From the spring of , the G-series saw the appearance of bulges in the cowling when the 7. Erich Hartmann , the World's top scoring fighter ace, claiming victories, flew only the Bf G, of which he said:.
It was very manoeuvrable, and it was easy to handle. It speeded up very fast, if you dived a little. And in the acrobatics manoeuver, you could spin with the , and go very easy out of the spin.
The only problems occurred during takeoff. It had a strong engine, and a small, narrow-tread undercarriage. If you took off too fast it would turn [roll] ninety degrees away.
We lost a lot of pilots in takeoffs. From the Bf G-5 on an enlarged wooden tail unit identifiable by a taller vertical stabilizer and rudder with a morticed balance tab, rather than the angled shape was often fitted.
This tail unit was standardised on G s and K-4 s. Although the enlarged tail unit improved handling, especially on the ground, it weighed more than the standard metal tail unit and required that a counterweight was fitted in the nose, increasing the variant's overall weight.
With the Bf G, a number of special versions were introduced to cope with special mission profiles. Here, long-range fighter-reconnaissance and high-altitude interceptors can be mentioned.
The G-1 , produced from February , was the first production version of the G-series and the first production Bf with a pressurized cockpit.
It could be identified by the small, horn-shaped air intake for the cockpit compressor just above the supercharger intake, on the left upper cowling.
In addition, the angled armour plate for the pilot's head was replaced by a vertical piece which sealed-off the rear of the side-hinged cockpit canopy.
Small, triangular armour-glass panels were fitted into the upper corners of this armour, although there were aircraft in which the plate was solid steel.
Silica gel capsules were placed in each pane of the windscreen and opening canopy to absorb any moisture which may have been trapped in the double glazing.
In these GM-1 nitrous oxide 'boost' was used, and the pilot's back armour was removed, as were all fittings for the long-range drop tank.
A few G-1 flown by I. The G-2 , which started production in May , lacked the cabin pressurization and GM-1 installation.
The canopy reverted to one layer of glazing and incorporated the angled head armour used on the F-4, although several G-2 had the vertical type as fitted to the G Several Rüstsätze could be fitted, although installing these did not change the designation of the aircraft.
There were two Rüstzustand [ citation needed ] planned for G-2s:. The final G-2 production batches built by Erla and Messerschmitt Regensburg were equipped as tropical aircraft often referred to as G-2 trop , equipped with a sand-filter on the front of the supercharger intake and two small, teardrop-shaped metal brackets on the left side of the fuselage, below the cockpit sill.
These were used as mounts for specially designed sun umbrellas called Sonderwerkzeug or Special tool , which were used to shade the cockpit.
In September , the G-4 appeared; this version was identical to the G-2 in all aspects, including performance, except for being fitted with the FuG 16 VHF radio set, which provided much clearer radio transmissions and had three-times the range of the earlier HF sets.
Externally this could be recognised by the position of the fuselage antenna lead-in which was moved further aft to between frames seven and eight on the fuselage spine.
The undercarriage legs were altered so that the wheel's vertical axis was nearly upright rather than being parallel with the oleo leg. These changes resulted in the fitting of teardrop-shaped fairings to the upper wing surface above the wheel-wells to accommodate the upper part of the mainwheels.
The larger wheels and fairings were often retrofitted to G-2s. Over 12, examples were built well into although contradictory factory and RLM records do not allow an exact tally.
A total of examples were built between May and August One offensive weapons upgrade in for the Bf G — and also used for the Fw A — was one that mounted the Werfer-Granate 21 heavy calibre rocket weapon system with one launching tube under each wing panel.
During the course of , a number of improvements were gradually introduced. In an attempt to increase the pilot's field of view an armoured glass head-rest, the so-called Galland Panzer was developed, and subsequently began replacing the bulky armour plate in the spring of Towards the end of the year the clear-view, three-panel Erla Haube canopy appeared, named after the Erla Maschinenwerk sub-contractor involved in building new examples, and upgrading older examples of the Bf Often misnamed the "Galland Hood" in postwar Western aviation books and periodicals, it eventually replaced the older heavily framed two-piece canopy — comprising the starboard side-hinged six-panel main canopy, and the three-panel fixed rear unit fastened to the fuselage — on the Bf G.
The canopy structure was completely redesigned to incorporate a greater area of clear perspex; the welded framing for the three-panel Erla Haube design was reduced to a minimum and there was no longer a fixed rear portion, with the entire structure aft of the windscreen being hinged to swing to starboard when opened.
The formerly separate, added-on Beule blisters which had earlier covered the spent shell-casing chutes of the synchronized fuselage-mount MG s were completely integrated into the upper cowling panels, vastly improving their streamlining and allowing them to be lengthened and enlarged to cover both the weapons and the engine bearers.
Initial prototype versions were symmetrical, but as larger superchargers were fitted, the engines required modified upper engine bearers to clear the supercharger housing, and as a result the final shape of the new cowling was asymmetrical, being enlarged on the port side where the supercharger was mounted on the DB engine.
There were also special streamlined panels fitted to the forward fuselage. These so-called agglomerations could be seen in several different patterns.
Because of their aerodynamically more efficient form in a side-view of DB AS and D -powered Bf Gs and Ks, the agglomerations were barely discernible compared with the conspicuous fairings they replaced.
Some versions of the G-6 and later Gs had a taller, wood-structure tail unit and redesigned rudder with an inset rudder balance protruding forward into the fin which improved stability at high speeds.
The introduction of the WGr. Certain production batches of the Bf G were fitted with aileron Flettner tabs to decrease stick forces at high speeds.
Subsequent Bf G versions were essentially modified versions of the basic G-6 airframe. The G arrived in July at the invasion front over France.
There was increasing tendency to use plywood on some less vital parts e. Referred to as the "bastard aircraft of the Erla factory" in the Luftwaffe ' s Aircraft Variants Book of December ,  the G was a Bf G airframe combined with the new DB D-2 engine, [Notes 3] created to maintain production levels with minimal disruption of the assembly lines until production of K-series airframes would reach sufficient levels.
Despite what the designation would suggest, it appeared in service after the G in November , largely replacing previous G-series aircraft on the production lines of Erla, WNF and Messerschmitt Regensburg factories.
Contrary to popular belief the G were not rebuilt older airframes but new production. Early production G may have had two data plates one stamped G as these airframes were originally intended for G assembly but were diverted to G assembly.
The most recognizable external change was the use of the three-panel Erla-Haube clear-view canopy, which filled the entire canopy length behind the four-panel windscreen unit, which eliminated the older, rear fixed canopy section.
Also, because of the engine's enlarged crankcase and the oil return lines which ran in front of it, these Gs had small blister fairings incorporated into the lower engine cowlings, forward of and below the exhaust stacks, except for Erla-built aircraft, which had modified cowlings without the little bulges in front of the exhaust stacks.
This became a distinguishing feature between Erla-built Gs and those of other factories. The G-8 was a dedicated reconnaissance version based on the G The G-8 often had only the Motorkanone engine cannon or the cowling machine guns installed, and there were several subversions for short- or long-range reconnaissance missions with a wide variety of cameras and radios available for use.
The Bf G was a two-seat trainer version of the Bf This version was rarely armed with anything more than one or two cowling machine guns.
The rear cockpit was also equipped with a basic instrument panel and all flight controls. The base subtypes could be equipped with Rüstsatz add-on standard field kits; in practice this meant hanging on some sort of additional equipment like droptanks, bombs or cannons to standard attachment points, present on all production aircraft.
Aircraft could be modified in the factory with Umrüst-bausatz Umbau conversion kits or by adding extra equipment, called Rüstzustand , [ citation needed ] to convert standard airframes for special roles, a reconnaissance or bad-weather fighter, for example.
Unlike the Rüstsatz field-kits, these modifications were permanent. The Rüstsatz kits were labelled with the letter "R" and a Roman numeral. Common Rüstsatz kits: Bf G : .
The Bf H was intended to be a high-altitude fighter, developed from the F-series. The wingspan was increased through the addition of new, constant-chord inner wing panels to Bf H-2 and H-5 developments were also planned, but the entire H-series was scrapped because of wing flutter problems.
The Bf K was the last of the series to see operational duty and the last in the Bf evolutionary line. The K series was a response to the bewildering array of series, models, modification kits and factory conversions for the Bf , which made production and maintenance complicated and costly — something Germany could not afford late in the war.
The RLM ordered Messerschmitt to rationalise production of the Bf , consolidating parts and types to produce a standard model with more interchangeable parts and equipment; flaws in the design of the airframe were also to be remedied.
Type in unit symbols, abbreviations, or full names for units of length, area, mass, pressure, and other types.
Examples include mm, inch, kg, US fluid ounce, 6'3", 10 stone 4, cubic cm, metres squared, grams, moles, feet per second, and many more!
TL liter. Not only is it free camouflage and a nice looking skin. It also puts lots of clutter on your tank which can help obscure your cupola.
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